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Figure 4: Effect of PECB pretreatment on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine activity on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats. (a) Tumor necrosis factor-α, (b) interleukin-1β, (c) interleukin-10. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (n = 6). ***P < 0.001 compared with normal control group; #P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01, ###P < 0.001 compared with scopolamine-treated group

Figure 4: Effect of PECB pretreatment on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine activity on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats. (a) Tumor necrosis factor-α, (b) interleukin-1β, (c) interleukin-10. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (<i>n</i> = 6). ***<i>P</i> < 0.001 compared with normal control group; #<i>P</i> < 0.05, ##<i>P</i> < 0.01, ###<i>P</i> < 0.001 compared with scopolamine-treated group