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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 383--384

Prescribing pattern for outpatients in government hospitals in Jaipur

Mukul Mathur, PC Dandiya 
 Department of Pharmacology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Mukul Mathur
Department of Pharmacology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur

How to cite this article:
Mathur M, Dandiya P C. Prescribing pattern for outpatients in government hospitals in Jaipur.Indian J Pharmacol 2004;36:383-384

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Mathur M, Dandiya P C. Prescribing pattern for outpatients in government hospitals in Jaipur. Indian J Pharmacol [serial online] 2004 [cited 2022 Jul 4 ];36:383-384
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The WHO-India program on the Rational use of Drugs, which has been going on for almost 20 years in India aims at promoting rational prescribing through a multi-pronged strategy which includes interventions to correct drug use problems, adoption of Essential Drug List (now called the Essential Medicine List, EML), development of Standard Treatment Guidelines, determining and restricting irrational prescribing. Several studies have been conducted to obtain baseline data on WHO-core prescribing indicators in day-to-day practice.[1] The present study was conducted to obtain such information from government hospitals in Jaipur. [Table:1]

Prescriptions were collected from the OPDs of Medicine (Med), Pediatrics (Ped), Surgery and Gynecology (Gyne) from a government-administered teaching hospital namely the S.M.S. Hospital, and two satellite hospitals located in the city of Jaipur. The prescriptions were collected by three knowledgeable and trained workers who were required to record the information in a pre-designed and tested proforma. To eliminate the possibility of bias, the location, the department, and the dates of prescription collection were determined by draw of lots. The observations were compiled to obtain information on some WHO prescribing indicators.

The data show that in general and for the majority of the WHO prescribing indicators, there was no difference (Chi-square test; level of significance - 0.05) between the prescriptions of doctors working in the satellite hospitals and those working in the teaching hospital. The percentage of antimicrobials prescribed was slightly more in the satellite hospitals though the numbers failed to reach statistical significance. Furthermore, a higher percentage of the use of antimicrobials by pediatricians may partly be due to the serious nature of illness affecting children and also due to the anxiety/demand of the patients. The study is in agreement with other reports cited in the literature[2],[3],[4] and underlines the need for suitable interventions to improve rational prescribing.


The study was conducted with partial assistance provided by the WHO-India Programme on the Rational Use of Drugs through the Delhi Society for the Promotion of the Rational Use of Drugs and the Rajasthan Society for the Promotion of the Rational Use of Drugs. We are thankful to Dr. Ranjit Roy Chaudhury for encouraging us to take up the study in Jaipur.


1Antibiotic guidelines. Version 12. Australia: Victoria Medical PG Foundation; 2003.
2Kutty KVG, Sambasivam N, Nagarajan M. A study on prescribing pattern in Madurai City. Indian J Pharmacol 2002;34:361-2.
3Biswas NR, Biswas BS, Pal PS, Jain SK, Malhotra SP, Gupta A. Patterns of drug use in two tertiary hospitals in Delhi. Indian J Physiol Pharmac 2000;44:109-12.
4Mhetre NA, Bodhankar SL,Pandit VA, Zambare GN. Study of pattern of drug usage in an urban area. Indian J Pharmacol 2003;35:316-17.