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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 315-321

The effect of protocatechuic acid on neuropathic pain and possible mechanism

1 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Nurcan Bektas
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, Eskişehir 26470
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.ijp_364_21

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OBJECTIVES: The goal of the research is to investigate the protocatechuic acid (PCA) potential action, a phenolic acid derivative, on pain induced by neuropathy and to determine its efficacy on activation of KATP type channels and A1 receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neuropathic pain by cause of sciatic nerve damage was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats. Anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects were evaluated with von Frey apparatus and Hargreave's plantar test apparatus, respectively. The effects of PCA at the doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg, carbamazepine at the doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg, combination of low effective doses of PCA and carbamazepine were tested. Pretreatments 3 μg/kg DPCPX as adenosine A1 receptor antagonist and 60.7 nmol glibenclamide as KATP channel blocker were applied for mechanistic studies. RESULTS: PCA showed anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects without impairing locomotor activity. In addition, the combination treatment was found to be more effective than the separate individual treatments of drugs. KATP channel activation related with A1 receptor stimulation makes a significant contribution to the anti-allodynia and anti-hyperalgesia induced by PCA. CONCLUSIONS: It can be said that PCA has similar effects with carbamazepine, which is used in clinical practice, and that PCA can take place as an adjuvant drug in neuropathic pain with the combination group. In addition, it is seen that the undesirable effects that drugs can cause alone can be avoided and a more effective treatment potential can be created with multiple mechanisms.


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