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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-40

Studies on biochemical, oxidative and genotoxicity alterations following vas blockage with reversible inhibition of sperm under guidance and reversal in rats

1 Department of Zoology, Centre for Advanced Studies, University of Rajasthan, Sitapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Zoology, S. S. Jain Subodh College of Global Excellence, Sitapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Abdul S Ansari
Department of Zoology, Centre for Advanced Studies, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302 004, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_557_20

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CONTEXT: Vas obstruction with reversible inhibition of sperm under guidance (RISUG) for contraception and its reversal, may cause oxidative stress or inimical effects on male reproductive functions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biochemical and genotoxicity at the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) following vas occlusion with RISUG and its reversal by Dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and 5% NaHCO3 in Wistar albino rats. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Animals were divided into seven groups (n = 10), namely sham-operated control, short-term vas occlusion with RISUG for 90 days, reversal with DMSO and 5% NaHCO3, long-term vas occlusion with RISUG for 360 days, reversal with DMSO and 5% NaHCO3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biochemical markers in reproductive tissues, hematology, serum biochemistry, serum electrolytes and ROS measuring indicators, e.g., lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase were examined. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: One-way analysis of variance test was performed for analyses of data obtained in this study using the SPSS 10.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). RESULTS: The tissue and clinical chemistry did not show appreciable alterations in RISUG injected and reversal Groups (II-VII) as compared to sham control. The genotoxicity and various ROS markers fluctuated within control limits following short- and long-term vas occlusion and reversal. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggested that the reversal procedures, following RISUG contraception, were not associated with any kind of toxicological manifestations.


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