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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 465-470

Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic interaction of losartan with glimepiride-metformin combination in rats and rabbits

Department of Pharmacology, Visveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Beere Nagaraju
Department of Pharmacology, Visveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, BSK-II Stage, Bengaluru - 560 070, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_845_19

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OBJECTIVES: The presence of comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, and chronic renal disease, or and the prevention of these ailments in diabetics, frequently demands multiple drug treatments, increasing the risk of drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The current study was focused on identifying possible DDIs on concomitant administration of losartan, a drug used to regulate hypertension along with a combination of glimepiride + metformin, widely used to treat diabetes mellitus. Possible pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic interactions were observed for, following single-dose as well as multiple-dose treatment protocols in normal and alloxan-induced diabetes in albino Wistar rats and rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples from surviving rats/rabbits obtained through orbital venous sinus bleeding/marginal ear vein bleeding, respectively, at predetermined intervals and put through to biochemical estimations of sugar level in the blood by Glucose oxidase/peroxidase method; insulin levels in serum using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and serum glimepiride levels using the high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Losartan, when treated as a single drug, resulted in a slight lowering of blood glucose levels in normal rats, diabetic rats and normal rabbits. Hypoglycemic activity of a combination of glimepiride + metformin was enhanced when losartan was co-administered as a single dosage schedule as well as a multiple dose schedule as indicated by a reduced blood glucose level and enhanced levels of insulin in rats as well as in rabbits. Serum glimepiride levels were also higher and pharmacokinetic parameters of glimepiride including mean residence time, Cmax, T1/2, AUMC0-∞, AUMC0-t, and AUC0-∞, were significantly higher, whereas its clearance was decreased in the two regimens of losartan that was followed. CONCLUSION: It can therefore be concluded, that in diabetics with hypertension as a comorbidity condition, co-administration of losartan with glimepiride + metformin should be avoided or the dosage of a combination of glimepiride + metformin needs to be tittered to avoid recurrence of hypoglycemic episodes.


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