| CLINICAL RESEARCH ARTICLES
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 365-371
To study impact of treatment with Rosuvastatin versus Atorvastatin on 25 hydroxy Vitamin D concentrations among adult Indian men- a randomized control trial
Vivek G Patwardhan1, Zulf M Mughal2, Raja Padidela2, Shashi A Chiplonkar1, Vaman V Khadilkar1, Anuradha V Khadilkar1
1 Department of Pediatric Growth and Endocrine Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Paediatric Endocrinology, Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester, UK
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemias are on the rise and are increasingly being treated with statins. As the metabolism of cholecalciferol and cholesterol are interrelated, reduction in cholesterol synthesis by statins is likely to affect Vitamin D status.
OBJECTIVES: (1) The aim is to study the effect of treatment with statins (Atorvastatin/Rosuvastatin) on 25-hydroxy-Vitamin-D (25OHD) among newly detected subjects with dyslipidemia for 6 months (2) To study the impact of 25OHD concentrations on the efficacy of statin treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, balanced randomized (1:1), open-label, parallel-group study, in apparently healthy Indian adult men (south Asian, 40–60 years). At baseline, serum lipids and 25OHD concentrations were measured. Based on the Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, subjects were divided as per lipid concentrations into controls (who did not require statin treatment) and intervention (who required statin treatment) groups. Random allocation of subjects was done in two groups for receiving intervention for 6 months: Atorvastatin group (n = 52, received Atorvastatin) or Rosuvastatin group (n = 52, received Rosuvastatin). Lipids and 25OHD concentrations were measured at the end line.
RESULTS: Atorvastatin group presented significant reduction (P < 0.05) in 25OHD, total cholesterol (TC) and low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations at the end line. In the Rosuvastatin group, significant drop in TC, LDL-C and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (concentrations (P < 0.05) was observed, while 25OHD concentrations showed no significant change. Mean 25OHD concentrations were significantly correlated with a reduction in LDL-C concentrations in Atorvastatin group.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with Atorvastatin resulted in a reduction in 25OHD concentrations; further, its efficacy in reducing LDL-C concentrations was related to the 25OHD concentrations.
Dr. Anuradha V Khadilkar
Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, 32 Sassoon Road, Pune - 411 001, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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