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 CLINICAL RESEARCH ARTICLES
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 356-364

Efficacy and safety of 7 days versus 10 days triple therapy based on levofloxacin-dexlansoprazole for eradication of Helicobacter pylori: A pilot randomized trial


1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt
2 Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Department, Damanhour Medical National Institute, Damanhour, Egypt
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Miss Amany Mahmoud Elokaby
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Damanhour University, Damanhour
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_364_19

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BACKGROUND: Levofloxacin-based triple therapies are considered the standard regimen for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) due to decreased sensitivity to clarithromycin and the optimal duration of therapy is still controversial. Besides, there is no complete evidence about dexlansoprazole efficacy in the eradication of H. pylori. AIM: Our study aimed to determine the effectiveness of triple therapy based on levofloxacin-dexlansoprazole as a standard treatment for H. pylori infection and estimate the effect of H. pylori on lipid profile and hemoglobin (Hb). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot prospective randomized trial of a triple therapy based on levofloxacin-dexlansoprazole for H. pylori eradication was conducted at Damanhour Medical National Institute, Egypt; 66 participants with H. pylori infection received levofloxacin (500 mg/day) plus amoxicillin (1 g/12 h) plus dexlansoprazole (60 mg/day). All medications administrated orally for either 7 days or 10 days. Four weeks after treatment, the eradication was assessed by the stool antigen test. RESULTS: The rate of eradication was 63.6% in levofloxacin, amoxicillin, and dexlansoprazole (LAD) 7-day group, and 90.9% in LAD 10-day group. In addition, laboratory test results showed a significant difference in Hb, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, triglyceride, and total cholesterol levels before and after treatment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: LAD 10 days is the least duration that provides maximum efficacy for H. pylori in Egyptian participants. In addition, successful treatment of H. pylori infection may reduce the risk of anemia and dyslipidemia. Furthermore, all members of the patient’s family should be screened for H. pylori to prevent recurrent infection.






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