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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 69-73

Evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of the commerson's anchovy (Stolephorus commersonnii)

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University Regional Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Jeffy A Varkey
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University Regional Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kottayam, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.174557

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Objective: In the present study, we have chosen a fish Stolephorus commersonnii which is abundant in whitebait catches along Kerala coast. This fish is reported to contain higher content of essential amino acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids and minerals. The medicinal values of this species have not been reported and remain unexplored. Hence, there is a necessity to explore their uses and to conduct the pharmacological studies to ascertain their therapeutic properties. Based on literature search, no study has been carried out to scientifically validate the fish S. commersonnii possesses hepatoprotective property. Hence, this study was carried out to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of the S. commersonnii. Materials and Methods: The fish was purchased from the fish market, Ernakulam, Kerala, India. The fish were kept on ice until processed in the lab. Fish is washed and cleaned properly. The tissue is homogenized and extracted with chloroform: methanol solvent system. The extract is transferred to a dark glass container and stored in a freezer. The preliminary analysis of fish extract was carried out by simple qualitative methods. The hepatoprotective activity of Stolephorus commersonnii (SC) extract at 300 mg/kg is carried out in isoniazid induced hepatotoxic model. The albino rats of either sex were used for these studies. Results: The results of hepatoprotective study revealed that the SC extract showed a liver protective action against isoniazid induced toxicity. Conclusion: The present study suggests that the extract of S. commersonnii fish has therapeutic potential in the management of drug induced liver toxicity.


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