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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 371-375

Involvement of opioid and monoaminergic pain pathways in Aegle marmelos induced analgesia in mice


1 Department of Pharmacology, Gajara Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Gajara Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Saroj Kothari
Department of Pharmacology, Gajara Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.115020

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Objective: To study analgesic activity and to evaluate the involvement of opioid and monoamines in the antinociceptive activity of methanol extract of leaves of Aegle marmelos. Materials and Methods: Analgesic activity of methanol extract (ME) of A. marmelos alone (75,150 and 300mg/kg orally) and in combination with morphine or venlafaxine (subanalgesic) were studied using tail flick test and acetic acid-induced writhing in mice. The effect of pre-treatment with opioid antagonist naltrexone 1mg/kg was also studied on antinociception induced due to ME. Result: ME produced a dose-dependent significant antinociceptive activity in the tail flick test and acetic acid-induced writhing in mice. (P<0.05) Administration of subanalgesic dose of ME with morphine or venlafaxine also resulted in significant (P<0.05) antinociceptive activity in both the pain models. Pre-treatment with naltrexone inhibited analgesic activity induced by ME alone and combination with morphine or venlafaxine. Conclusion: A.marmelos in induced antinociception is mediated through both opioid and monoaminergic pain pathways, suggest its possible use in chronic pain.






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