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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 130-135

Immunomodulatory activity of methanolic extracts of fruits and bark of Ficus glomerata Roxb. in mice and on human neutrophils


1 Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, HKES's MTR Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, HKES's MTR Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjeev Heroor
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, HKES's MTR Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 23716887

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Objective: To evaluate the immunomodulatory activity of methanolic extracts of fruit and bark of Ficus glomerata Roxb. on cyclophosphamide-induced myelosuppression in mice and the phagocytic effect on human neutrophils. Materials and Methods: Methanolic extracts of fruits and bark of Ficus glomerata Roxb. at two dose levels of 250and 500 mg/kg p.o. were administered for 13 days to albino mice and cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg i.p.) was administered on 11 th ,12 th , and 13 th days, 1 hour after the administration of the respective treatment. On 14 th day blood was collected and the hematological parameters were evaluated. The two extracts in the concentration range 100,50,25,12 and 6.25 μg were also tested for phagocytic effect on human neutrophils using the in vitro models-nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) dye test, phagocytosis of Candida albicans, and chemotaxis assay. Results: Methanolic extracts of fruit and bark of Ficus glomerata Roxb. showed significant counteracting effect (P < 0.01) to cyclophosphamide-induced reduction in total WBC, differential leucocyte count, platelet counts, RBC counts, and hemoglobin levels. The extracts of the plant in the concentration range 100,50,25,12, and 6.25 μg also showed significant (P < 0.01) phagocytic effect on human neutrophils in the parameters studied. Conclusion: Methanolic extracts of fruits and bark of Ficus glomerata Roxb. exhibited immunomodulatory property in both in vivo and in vitro models.






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