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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-62

Dose escalation pharmacokinetics and lipid lowering activity of a novel farnesoid X receptor modulator: 16-Dehydropregnenolone


1 Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism Division, Central Drug Research Institute, CSIR, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Biochemistry Division, Central Drug Research Institute, CSIR, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Medicinal and Process Chemistry, Central Drug Research Institute, CSIR, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rabi S Bhatta
Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism Division, Central Drug Research Institute, CSIR, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow India., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.91868

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Objectives: To study the dose escalation pharmacokinetics and lipid lowering activity of a novel FXR modulator, 16-Dehydropregnenolone (DHP). Materials and Methods: The disposition of DHP following oral (36, 72, 100 and 150 mg/kg) and intravenous (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) administration and its dose-response relationship were carried out in Sprague-Dawley rats. DHP and its metabolite 5-pregnene-3β-ol-16, 17-epoxy-20-one (M1) were analyzed by a validated LC-MS/MS method in plasma after intravenous and oral administration. Dose escalation lipid lowering activities were carried out by triton-induced hyperlipidemic model. Results: Oral administration resulted in higher amount of M1 formation as compared to intravenous administration. Dose escalation intravenous administration (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) resulted in nonlinear increase in AUC of DHP. This was due to saturation of metabolism. On the contrary, systemic AUC and C max after oral administration show non-linear pharmacokinetics where saturated systemic DHP and M1 pharmacokinetics was observed above 72 mg/kg, indicating saturated oral absorption. Lipid lowering activity by its oral route of administration was in accordance with its pharmacokinetic profile and reached saturation above 72 mg/kg. Conclusion: DHP exhibits route and dose-dependent pharmacokinetics. Pharmacokinetic and lipid lowering activity by oral route indicate saturation of oral absorption at higher doses. The study contributes to the understanding of the plasma disposition pharmacokinetics of DHP and its metabolite in rats by oral and intravenous route of administration.






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