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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-35

A preliminary study on protective effect of L-citrulline against ischemia-reperfusion induced gastric mucosal lesions in rat

1 School of Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical College, 84 West Huaihai Road, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China
2 Laboratory of Urology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Zheng Junnian
Laboratory of Urology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou
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Source of Support: The Foundation of Xuzhou Medical College Key Laboratory of Tumor Biology Therapy (C0904) and The Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK2009253)., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.91863

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Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the gastroprotective effect of L-citrulline against gastric ischemia-reperfusion injury. Materials and Methods: Sodium pentobarbital-anesthetized rats underwent occlusion of the celiac artery for 30 min, followed by 60 min of reperfusion. Sixty minutes before ischemia, L-citrulline at doses of 300, 600, 900 mg/kg was administered intragastrically. Based on this animal model of gastric ischemia-reperfusion injury, the gastroprotective effect of L-citrulline was assessed by determining and comparing the ulcerative index and the estimation of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in the gastric mucosal tissues. Moreover, the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein was also determined. Results: Intragastric administration of L-citrulline (600 and 900 mg/kg) 60 min before ischemia significantly ameliorated the gastric mucosal damage and inhibited the increase in MPO and MDA contents. Also, the increase in expression of iNOS protein was also prevented by L-citrulline. The expression of nNOS and eNOS was not affected significantly by I/R or L-citrulline. Conclusion: The results suggest that L-citrulline, administered exogenously, exhibits gastric protection by inhibition of neutrophil infiltration in rats, which may be related in prevention of the increase in iNOS activity.


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