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| RESEARCH ARTICLE
|Year : 2010 | Volume
| Issue : 6 | Page : 370-375
Amelioration effects against N-nitrosodiethylamine and CCl 4 -induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Swiss albino rats by whole plant extract of Achyranthes aspera
R Kartik1, Ch V Rao1, SP Trivedi2, P Pushpangadan3, GD Reddy4
1 Translational Cancer Research laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Thycaud P.O, Poojapura, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014, Kerala; Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow - 226 001, India
2 Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow - 226 007, India
3 Amity Institute for Herbal and Biotech Products Development, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Central Research Institute (Ayurveda), Kolkata - 700 091, India
Objective: The prevalence of oxidative stress may be implicated in the etiology of many pathological conditions. Protective antioxidant action imparted by many plant extracts and plant products make them a promising therapeutic drug for free-radical-induced pathologies. In this study, we assessed the antioxidant potential and suppressive effects of Achyranthes aspera by evaluating the hepatic diagnostic markers on chemical-induced hepatocarcinogenesis.
Materials and Methods: The in vivo model of hepatocarcinogenesis was studied in Swiss albino rats. Experimental rats were divided into five groups: control, positive control (NDEA and CCl 4 ), A. aspera treated (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg b.w.). At 20 weeks after the administration of NDEA and CCl 4 , treated rats received A. aspera extract (AAE) at a dose of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg once daily route. At the end of 24 weeks, the liver and relative liver weight and body weight were estimated. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and reduced glutathione (GSH) were assayed. The hepatic diagnostic markers namely serum glutamic oxaloacetic transminase (AST), serum glutamic pyruvate transminase (ALT), serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), and bilirubin (BL) were also assayed, and the histopathological studies were investigated in control, positive control, and experimental groups.
Results: The extract did not show acute toxicity and the per se effect of the extract showed decrease in LPO, demonstrating antioxidant potential and furthermore no change in the hepatic diagnosis markers was observed. Administration of AAE suppressed hepatic diagnostic and oxidative stress markers as revealed by decrease in NDEA and CCl 4 -induced elevated levels of SGPT, SGOT, SALP, GGT, bilirubin, and LPO. There was also a significant elevation in the levels of SOD, CAT, GPx, GST, and GSH as observed after AAE treatment. The liver and relative liver weight were decreased after treatment with AAE in comparison to positive control group. The architecture of hepatic tissue was normalized upon treatment with extract at different dose graded at 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg. b.w. in comparison to positive control group.
Conclusion: These results suggest that A. aspera significantly alleviate hepatic diagnostic and oxidative stress markers which signify its protective effect against NDEA and CCl 4 -induced two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis.
Translational Cancer Research laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Thycaud P.O, Poojapura, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014, Kerala; Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow - 226 001
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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