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 RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-150

Chlorpyrifos-induced oxidative stress and tissue damage in the liver, kidney, brain and fetus in pregnant rats: The protective role of the butanolic extract of Paronychia argentea L.


1 Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of S. N. V. Constantine University, Algeria
2 Laboratory of Enzymology, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of S.N.V, Constantine University, Algeria
3 Laboratory of Valorization of Natural Resources and Synthesis of Biological Active Substances, Department of Chemistry. Faculty of Sciences, Constantine University, Algeria
4 Laboratory of Pharmacognosie, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Antwerp (UIA), Belgium

Correspondence Address:
D Zama
Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of S. N. V. Constantine University
Algeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.33434

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Objective : Toxicity of pesticides is thought to be due to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Due to their antioxidant property, polyphenols in plant extracts may afford protection from pesticide toxicity. In the present study, we evaluated the protective effect of a butanolic extract of Paronychia argentea L. against toxicity caused by the organophosphorus pesticide, chloropyriphos ethyl (CE). Materials and Methods : Pregnant albino Wistar rats were used. Pesticide and plant extract were administered daily by oral gavage from the 6 th to the 15 th day of gestation. Plasma and tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), blood reduced glutathione (GSH) and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were estimated. MDA levels were estimated in plasma and different organs (liver, kidney, brain, placenta and in the fetuses and their livers) as an indicator of lipid peroxydation (LPO). Results : The data showed a significant increase in plasma and tissue LPO levels in animals treated with the pesticide while the effect was attenuated by the plant extract (CE-ex). Also, CE caused a significant decrease in antioxidant enzyme activity and this effect was partially reversed in groups treated with the plant extract. The pesticide induced embryotoxicity and resulted in resorption, fetal death and a reduced implant number. Conclusion : It can be concluded that CE can lead to an increase in LPO production in adult and fetal tissues, while treatment with the plant extract leads to protection against CE toxicity. The decrease in LPO levels and the increase in GSH and SOD enzyme activities after treatment with the plant extract revealed its antioxidant property.






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