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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 140-144

Lantadene A-induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells

1 University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University Chandigarh-160 014, India
2 Department of Biophysics, Panjab University Chandigarh - 160 014, India
3 Division of Pharmacology, Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu - 180 004, India

Correspondence Address:
P D Sharma
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University Chandigarh-160 014
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.33433

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Objectives : Lantadene A (LA, 22β -angeloyloxy-3-oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid) a pentacyclic, triterpenoid isolated from the leaves of the obnoxious weed, Lantana camara L. was evaluated for apoptosis induction in the human leukemia HL-60 cell line. Materials and Methods : The effect of LA on cell proliferation of HL-60 cancer cells was determined by using the MTT assay. The morphological effects of LA-treated HL-60 cancer cells were observed under a fluorescence microscope. DNA fragmentation was observed using gel electrophoresis. Flow cytometry was carried out to observe changes in the cell cycle distribution of the cells. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in HL-60 cells was visualized by means of an immunohistochemical assay and cell viability was determined upon treatment with DEVD-CHO (inhibitor of caspase-3) and LA. Results : Typical morphological changes including cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation and characteristic DNA ladder formation in agarose gel electrophoresis were observed. LA-induced marked concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of cancer cell proliferation with an IC 50 value of 19.8 ± 0.10 µg/ml following 48 h incubation. Flow cytometric analysis showed suppressed cell proliferation associated with cell cycle arrest in the G 0 /G 1 phase. LA significantly inhibited cell proliferation of HL-60 cells and induced cell apoptosis by downregulating Bcl-2 and upregulating Bax expression. The peptidic caspase-3 inhibitor, DEVD-CHO (NH 2 -Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CHO, 2 µM), increased the viability of HL-60 cells, which had been previously treated with LA. Conclusions : The results indicated that LA induces efficient cell apoptosis by activating the caspase-3 pathway and through down- and upregulation of Bcl-2 and Bax expression respectively.


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