| RESEARCH PAPER
|Year : 2005 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 120-125
Investigations of Sapindus trifoliatus in dopaminergic and serotonergic systems: Putative antimigraine mechanisms
DK Arulmozhi1, A Veeranjaneyulu2, SL Bodhankar3, SK Arora2
1 New Chemical Entity Research, Lupin Research Park, Village Nande, Taluk Mulshi, Pune-411 042 and Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune-411 038, India
2 New Chemical Entity Research, Lupin Research Park, Village Nande, Taluk Mulshi, Pune-411 042, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune-411 038, India
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential dopaminergic and serotonergic receptor-mediated modulatory effect of the aqueous extract of Sapindus trifoliatus [(ST), (family: Sapindaceae)], a traditional phytomedicine used in the treatment of hemicrania (migraine), using animal models and receptor assays.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: ST (at 20 and 100 mg/kg, i.p. doses) was evaluated for its effect on apomorphine-induced climbing behavior, 5-hydroxytryptophan (l-5-HTP)-induced serotonin syndrome, and MK-801-induced hyperactivity in mice. The radioligand binding studies for various receptors and enzymes were carried out (outsourced) using standard procedures at 250 µg/ml concentration of ST.
RESULTS: ST significantly inhibited the apomorphine-induced climbing behavior, the l-5-HTP-induced serotonin syndrome and MK-801-induced hyperactivity in mice. In the receptor radioligand binding studies, ST exhibited affinity towards dopamine D2, 5-HT2A receptors.
CONCLUSION: The results of the behavioral studies in mice indicate that ST modulated D2 and 5-HT2A receptor-mediated paradigms. The radioligand binding studies supported these observations, suggesting the possible involvement of dopaminergic and serotonergic mechanisms in the antimigraine activity of ST.
New Chemical Entity Research, Lupin Research Park, Village Nande, Taluk Mulshi, Pune-411 042
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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